Stutz Cars History
This is the history of the brand Stutz since the establishment of the company and up to the most modern of vehicles produced under this brand.
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Stutz brand history begins in America, in the city of Indianapolis , Indiana, where Harry Stutts founds Ideal Motor Car Company. In 1911, the company produces car Indianapolis 500 with the slogan "the car that makes the day better."
The following year , Harry changed the company name to Harry Stutz and starts production roadsters like the famous Stutz Bearcat.
Stutz- E series there in 1914 , shortly after the brilliant victory Gill Anderson in one of the national championship race , in which the distance of 300 miles (480 km ), it was an average speed of 114.9 km / h E-Series cars were offered with 4 - and 6 -cylinder engines and were equipped with different body types . Among them was a sports brand 4E with 4 -cylinder engine , bearing the name of the Bearcat.
In addition to extensive use of aluminum parts , especially the transmission scheme was transeksl where the gearbox was mounted in the same block with the main gear . Unlike previous marks in place of the multi-plate clutch Bearcat had a simple conical structure.
Equally simple was his body , consisting only of the bonnet , wings extended , and two seats are located behind them the fuel tank. Externally, the car copied the popular Mercer Raceabout, so the owners of both companies arose a conflict situation is allowed, however, the world.
One customer , dissatisfied indicators Bearcat, brought him back to complain that, despite the larger engine capacity , it can not overtake Mercer. Stutts , wanting to demonstrate high -speed qualities of the car, gave Meso mileage. Racer Cannonball Smith crossed Bearcate on the American continent in the 11 days up to 7 hours and 30 minutes , setting a new record.
In another competition for 24 hours Smith covered a distance of 953 km . At the same time Bearcat never have any significant mechanical problems . The only serious fault was the weakening of shock absorber .
The last car that created the chassis Bearcat ( 1924 ) , was a mark Speedway Six with a 4.7- liter engine. In the early '30s , a new Bearcat DV- 32, of course, who had had little to do with the first-born in 1914 .
Inexpensive Bearcat quickly gained popularity. Racing performance outfitted forced motors Wisconsin increased power . The glory of the brand Bearcat multiply winning branded racing team , nicknamed the "white squadron ."
In 1919, Harry Stutts left he founded Stutz Motor Car and devoted himself to the creation of high-end cars that were sold under the brand name HCS. When designing the body of the cars he was guided by the well-known at the time cars Hispano-Suiza, but the market remained indifferent to his creations .
At that time, the steel magnate Charles Schwab took the company Stutz under control and started production of new cars with 4 - and 6- cylinder engines . However, success in the production of cars Schwab has not achieved and in 1925 gave a firm Frederick Moscovici . He hired the Belgian designer Paul Bastien , who previously worked at the firm Metallurgique.
In 1926, Paul Bastien has developed an interesting car Stutz- AA , known under the brand name Vertical Eight, also received the name of Safety Stutz - Safe Stutts . Its equipped with brakes on all wheels with hydraulic and safety glasses with wire armature, centralized lubrication system and main landing gear worm gear .
The first version of the inline 8 -cylinder engine was already quite powerful , yet in 1928, at the option of explosives installed engine increased to 5277 cm3 displacement.
In the same year, made on the basis of its Black Hawk Speedster sports participated in the 24- hour race at Le Mans and won second place, behind the crew Barnato / Rubin 4.5 - liter Bentley.
A little later, Frank Lockhart Black Hawk on a car with an engine displacement of only 3.1 liters and a special body set an absolute speed record at 362 km / h Unfortunately , one of the races Lockhart died .
In 1929 , 1930 and 1931 Stutz once again took part in the competition at Le Mans, but a sensational achievement in 1928 again failed. In 1931, the new Speedster got a brake servo, and a special locking device that prevents the car from rolling when parked on the rise.
In 1931, the market entered an economical car Stutz-LA 6- cylinder engine , but a year after her followed by expensive and powerful car DV- 32 with an 8 -cylinder 32 -valve 156- horsepower engine with dual overhead camshafts , capable of top speed of 160 km / h He also received the name of the Bearcat. It was the latest development of the company .
In 1935 Stutz ceased production of cars , but in 1938 collected small vans Pak-Age-Car. Technically, it was an interesting model with a rear engine and independent wheel suspension , the rights to the production of which were sold to the company Daimond T.
In subsequent years, enthusiasts have sought to revive the brand Stutz. For example, in the 70's and 80 's in the USA there was a small firm Stutz, offers high-end cars Black Hawk chassis Pontiac V8 engines with cylinder capacity of 5,0-8,2 l