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Cord History

History

This is the history of the brand Cord since the establishment of the company and up to the most modern of vehicles produced under this brand.

Classic Cars

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Cord

It all started in 1924 when a young Byuriga miserably kicked out of Bradley Polytechnic Institute, as the subjects he was not interested, but only to draw in all the notebooks of cars. He was not upset, and on the contrary, it seemed that this incident only gave his forces already unprecedented enthusiasm. For five years, he went through a lot of jobs, engaging and wooden frames on Gotfredson Body Co. or simply by drawing a body for Jewett and Peerless. In 1928 he was hit by a set of Harley Earl had just created the world's first industrial design studio - Art & Color Section. However, after a twenty-five-year Byurig leaving to become the chief designer of the eminent Duesenberg.



Formally, the "main" it was not because he was the only one. But in fact, everything was just so. He decides everything. Gordon took to create a new style strategy. Before his arrival the exterior of vehicles Duesenberg was formed as follows: any person from the management or engineering staff as he could scribbling on a piece of paper side silhouette of the body. At best, it was a drawing in scale 1:16, which was broadcast repairers firms Murphy, LeBaron - there were many. Having a sketch and a "live" chassis with wings wheels, running boards, grille, hood and headlights, repairers taken for construction. Naturally, each firm left his "signature" - a pair of three characteristic features and details on which handwriting is recognizable brand of bodywork studio. More - more. Often the body, made for Duesenberg, repeated and mounted on a chassis, for example, Lincoln, introducing customer stylish "dyuzi" perplexing, because the chassis from Ford priori cost half the price of the chassis Duesenberg. Since losing customers, and continue on it could not.



And Byuriga taken to combat this evil tradition. He was required to create a unique and extraordinary body on which a first recognizable Duesenberg, and no body studio LeBaron. It's been three years of the reign of artistic genius Byuriga which redrew half of all issued in those years Duesenberg Model J and SJ. As a result, he was just tired. Tired of the "catching" nuances that teetered on the brink of a graceful, which distinguishes the true art of pretentious kitsch, but somehow he just could not ... He even developed a technology involving sketching pictures, which delivered them from the same monotone paint the wheels and chassis, and to help him take the engineer and stylist. But Byurig back to Earl. Back in time. At this time, the great strategist style did his best to first find the future. For this, he has announced a contest in his studio. According to contemporaries Byurig won, according to the official results of its offer to take the last place. Thus was born the idea of ​​it, then became a fixed idea: the idea of ​​a new architecture of the car without serving traditional and dominant in the composition of the vertical radiator grille and even without any eye headlights! Car without a "person"? This can not be and never will be - nervous Earl. Five years later, when Byurig already embody the idea in Cord 810, Earl indirectly acknowledges that got excited and create an ideologically similar architecture concept Buick Y-Job, which will predict the post-war world style.



Gordon Miller Byurig owned a key to the future much earlier. In May 1934, he patented his idea. A year later, she was brought to the metal by Cord and was once patented. Curiously, when Byuriga first asked what his idea was manifested most vividly, he referred to the banal addiction k .. purity. After all, no one likes to wipe and clean the engine, most of which fell in the mud, according to Gordon, a giant radiator. More than that, he never repeated, and developed the idea of ​​the integrity of the shape and surface overflow. Of course! Otherwise, where would undertake a horizontal grille, side turning into the Louvre and net sidewall without accented overhead window sill molding lines, fuel filler neck, finally? All this was done for the first time in the world, and the emergence of a production car was a shock. In the showrooms on Cord 810 families went to look like a circus or a movie. But buying a car sluggish, hood called "coffin lid" and did not believe that the retractable headlights will be trouble-free. As a result, before the war Cord was forced to sell the remaining unsold and body parts - so there were cloned «freaks»: Graham Hollywood and Hupmobile Skylark. In 1951, the New York Museum of Modern Art called eight cars of all time. As a result, the exhibition hall next to the Cisitalia 202 of Pininfarina forever frozen and Cord 810 from Gordon Miller Byuriga. He calmed down and more of these ideas did not push. In 1956 he created the pompous Lincoln Mark II, at 65 retired and told the students about the beautiful cars, wrote a book in 1990 and died ...




In autumn 1935 at auto shows in New York, Chicago and Los Angeles, a new car brand Cord bombshell. This modern car, with a lot of the latest technical developments and, most importantly, with none of the futuristic design of exhibition visitors have seen. Dealers received 7639 applications from those who want to buy in the near future this latest model. Here it is - a real success. Glory and financial well-being of the Empire Errett Lobban Korda.



In fact, things were not so good. From August to October 1935 instead of the required 100 copies of the new model, almost hand-harvested only a dozen. Machine completely raw, with a mass of flaws and problems. Summary - overheating the transmission. At the auto show car brought with broken transmissions.
Cord 810 was a brand new development of the company and the previous model L-29 they have in common only the presence of a forward drive. And there was a bit of similarity. Cord L-29 was a very long line eight-cylinder engine, which together with the transmission located well behind the front axle. 810 was put on the new V8 Lycoming, which was half as long, with the gearbox partially disposed in front of the front axle. This design provides a much better weight distribution and has reduced the wheelbase to 125 inches (3175 mm).



In 1936 Cord 810 had the following technical and aesthetic innovations that are unavailable on any other car:

- Integrated into the back of the front part of the frame with an independent front suspension transverse springs. The use of front wheel drive has significantly (more than 250 mm compared to conventional cars) to lower the floor and thus refuse footboards.

- Electric predselektor Bendix ruled transmission. To select the required transmission was enough to tip of your finger to move the small lever mounted on the steering column.

- The unusual design of the car bonnet allowed to refuse a pronounced grille, typical for this time, replacing it with the horizontal vent louvers, calling on the sidewalls of the engine compartment.

- Huge pontoon front fenders are with inbuilt lights, mechanically removed from the driver's seat.

- The doors were hung on concealed hinges.

- Rear lights and filler cap are flush with the trunk lid and rear quarter panel. The fastening element plate lamp was lighting.



Equipped with a V8 Lycoming engine of 4730 cm3, developing power 125 horsepower, Cord 810 was able to move with a maximum speed of 90 miles per hour (145 km / h), acceleration to 100 km / h in 20 seconds. Models equipped with a centrifugal supercharger Schwitzer-Cummins developed the capacity do190 horsepower, reaching a top speed of 110 miles per hour (177 km / h) and acceleration up to a hundred in 11 seconds, making them one of the fastest cars of pre-war America.
Design of the car was designed by Gordon Berigom (Gordon Buehrig), which helped Kosper Dale (Dale Cosper), Dick Robertson (Dick Robertson), and Paul Lorenzen (Paul Laurenzen). The amount of chromium was minimized and it was only on the bumpers, wheel caps, windshield frame, handles and moldings ventilation grilles. Futuristic retractable headlights and polished dashboard "airplane" style with round instruments and aircraft dials complement unusual project.



In 1936 Cord 810 was offered in four body styles - four-door sedans Westchester and Beverly, differing primarily only interior trim, two-door four-seater convertible roadster Double Phaeton and Sportsman. This year it was built only 1,174 cars, and in the early 1937 model got a new name - Cord 812.



Having a huge number of orders at the end of 1935, EL Cord faced with the problem of unavailability of complete plants for the production of the new model. Besides the technical shortcomings prepared for exhibitions samples were numerous: chronic overheating and noise in the gear box, the noise in the joints of the front drive, body flow in the rain, and others. Eradication and the establishment of mass production took away a lot of time, which is why most of the orders received were canceled.



In 1937, to raise the level of sales, Cordes suggested installing superchargers to increase engine power by 45 - 65 hp. Chrome exhaust pipes installed these cars (Cord 812 SC) allowed to lower the temperature in the engine compartment and is easy to distinguish them from the car without compressors. Was also offered a series of registered Berline, with increased up to 132 inches (3353 mm) wheelbase. Unfortunately, all of these suggestions and improvements come too late, and after the Great Depression of the few sought to acquire one of the most expensive cars on the market. By making a total of 2,907 vehicles (1629 - Cord 810 and 1278-Cord 812), the company ceased production.

Latest classic Cord cars offered in listings in the United States:

1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1984 Toyota Supra 1984 Toyota Supra 21 $5,900.00
1941 Lincoln Continental 1941 Lincoln Continental 21 $US $5,500.00
1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 12 $US $3,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1989 Ford Bronco 1989 Ford Bronco 12 $US $6,600.00
1937 Cord 812 1937 Cord 812 21 $31,995.00
1984 Toyota Supra 1984 Toyota Supra 21 $6,200.00
1968 Ford F-350 1968 Ford F-350 21 $US $20,000.00
1983 Jeep CJ 1983 Jeep CJ 21 $US $8,300.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz SL-Class 1980 Mercedes-Benz SL-Class 12 $US $1,136.00
1957 Ford Fairlane 1957 Ford Fairlane 16 $US $27,500.00
1941 Other Makes 1941 Other Makes 11 $53,000.00
1988 Santarsiero Atlantis Roadster Santarsiero Atlantis Roadster 1988 Santarsiero Atlantis Roadster Santarsiero Atlantis Roadster 12 $143,000.00
1984 Toyota Land Cruiser 1984 Toyota Land Cruiser 12 $4,500.00
1979 International Harvester Other 1979 International Harvester Other 21 $US $22,100.00
1972 Oldsmobile Cutlass 1972 Oldsmobile Cutlass 10 $20,500.00
1989 Ford Bronco 1989 Ford Bronco 12 $US $4,050.00
1978 Toyota Pick up Sand Pak 1978 Toyota Pick up Sand Pak 21 $2,850.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 21 $8,500.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1970 Cord Royale Samco 1970 Cord Royale Samco 4 $26,995.00
1956 Lincoln Continental MK II 1956 Lincoln Continental MK II 21 $US $22,100.00
1972 Oldsmobile Cutlass 1972 Oldsmobile Cutlass 10 $22,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1941 Packard Series 110 110 1941 Packard Series 110 110 21 $US $11,100.00
1978 Toyota Pick up Sand Pak 1978 Toyota Pick up Sand Pak 21 $3,500.00
1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 12 $US $3,000.00
1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 21 $9,990.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1968 Ford Mustang CONVERTIBLE 302 C CODE FULLY RESTORED! P/S! AC! 1968 Ford Mustang CONVERTIBLE 302 C CODE FULLY RESTORED! P/S! AC! 12 $28,500.00
1970 Cord Royale Samco 1970 Cord Royale Samco 4 $26,995.00
1936 Cord 810 Sedan 1936 Cord 810 Sedan 21 $US $30,600.00
1941 Huppmobile G80 1941 Huppmobile G80 16 $55,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1941 Packard Series 110 110 1941 Packard Series 110 110 12 $36,900.00
1972 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 1972 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 17 $6,500.00
1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 1966 Oldsmobile Toronado 12 $11,570.00
1952 DeSoto Firedome S17 1952 DeSoto Firedome S17 21 $4,500.00
1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 12 $12,999.00
1966 Ford Mustang 1966 Ford Mustang 7 $31,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 11 $8,500.00
1960 Cadillac Eldorado 1960 Cadillac Eldorado 21 $90,000.00
1982 Chevrolet C-10 1982 Chevrolet C-10 12 $19,450.00
1940 Ford 2 Door Sedan 1940 Ford 2 Door Sedan 4 $29,995.00
1972 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 1972 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 17 $6,500.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1966 Jaguar S-Type S-Type 1966 Jaguar S-Type S-Type 21 $US $5,150.00
1970 Dodge Challenger RT SE 1970 Dodge Challenger RT SE 21 $US $9,999.00
1950 Chevrolet Fleetline Deluxe 1950 Chevrolet Fleetline Deluxe 4 $US $7,800.00
1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 11 $8,500.00
1932 Austin Roadster 1932 Austin Roadster 6 $39,900.00
1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 12 $US $3,400.00
1941 Other Makes 1941 Other Makes 11 $56,000.00
1975 Volkswagen Bus/Vanagon 1975 Volkswagen Bus/Vanagon 21 $US $3,850.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 12 $12,999.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1976 BMW 2002 1976 BMW 2002 8 $8,500.00
1986 Chevrolet C/K Pickup 1500 Silverado 1986 Chevrolet C/K Pickup 1500 Silverado 15 $US $4,799.00
1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 1963 Chevrolet Corvair 900 10 $8,500.00
1982 Chevrolet C-10 1982 Chevrolet C-10 12 $US $14,550.00
1971 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 1971 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia 12 $US $510.00
1964 Studebaker R2 Gran Turismo Super Hawk 1964 Studebaker R2 Gran Turismo Super Hawk 21 $36,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz G-Class 1980 Mercedes-Benz G-Class 12 $US $16,800.00
1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 1989 Chevrolet G20 Van 12 $US $3,400.00
1932 Austin Roadster 1932 Austin Roadster 6 $39,900.00
1976 BMW 2002 1976 BMW 2002 8 $8,999.99
1967 Chevrolet Nova 1967 Chevrolet Nova 21 $55,500.00
1912 Other Makes 1912 Other Makes 10 $US $30,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1989 Ford E-Series Van Former Ambulance 1989 Ford E-Series Van Former Ambulance 12 $US $4,000.00
1937 Cord 812SC SEDAN 1937 Cord 812SC SEDAN 21 $US $24,850.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1931 Packard 1931 Packard 21 $US $23,900.00
1967 Ford Mustang 1967 Ford Mustang 21 $US $3,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 12 $18,900.00
1967 Ford F-250 1967 Ford F-250 12 $US $13,800.00
1956 Buick Other 1956 Buick Other 19 $US $7,100.00
1988 Pontiac Firebird 1988 Pontiac Firebird 21 $US $7,200.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz G-Class 1980 Mercedes-Benz G-Class 12 $US $14,100.00
1971 Chevrolet C-10 1971 Chevrolet C-10 21 $US $6,600.00
1989 Ford E-Series Van Former Ambulance 1989 Ford E-Series Van Former Ambulance 12 $US $4,000.00
1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 1980 Mercedes-Benz 300CD -- 21 $18,900.00
1932 Austin Roadster 1932 Austin Roadster 6 $39,900.00
1963 Ford Thunderbird 1963 Ford Thunderbird 1 $US $6,100.00
1981 Chevrolet Blazer Chevy  K5 1981 Chevrolet Blazer Chevy K5 21 $US $7,800.00
1967 Ford F-250 1967 Ford F-250 12 $US $18,601.00
1985 Ford Ranger 1985 Ford Ranger 21 $US $1,025.00
1941 Packard Series 110 Touring Sedan 110 Touring Sedan 1941 Packard Series 110 Touring Sedan 110 Touring Sedan 12 $US $7,500.00
1935 Other Makes 1245 Sedan 1245 Sedan 1935 Other Makes 1245 Sedan 1245 Sedan 12 $US $18,211.00
1947 Other Makes Kurtis-Kraft Midget 1947 Other Makes Kurtis-Kraft Midget 21 $US $10,000.00
1956 Buick Other 1956 Buick Other 19 $9,500.00
1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 1978 GMC Other Grunman P15 12 $US $9,999.00
1936 Cord Westchester 1936 Cord Westchester 12 $29,950.00
1936 Cord 810 Westchester 1936 Cord 810 Westchester 18 $65,000.00