Classic Cars from United Kingdom

Classic Cars in Australia / Bedford

Bedford History

History

This is the history of the brand Bedford since the establishment of the company and up to the most modern of vehicles produced under this brand.

Classic Cars

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Bedford

Cars "Bedford" are among the most well-known British trucks, although neither in appearance nor the originality of the designs they never stood out among all the other machines. In practice, it was versatile and unpretentious "workhorses", which was to be found in every corner of the British Isles and the world.



Early years of the "Bedford" associated with the known iron foundry and engineering company Vauxhall, based in the middle of the last century in London's Vauxhall. In 1905 she moved to the city of Luton, Bedfordshire, which began producing cars. In difficult for firms 20s. American concern General Motors, has long intended to create in Britain a springboard for the invasion of the European market, the company became interested in "Vauxhall" and in 1925 made her its British subsidiary. Plans to consolidate the European market and the sector also covered trucks. These activities began with imports to the UK trucks Chevrolet, and in the late 20's. at the factory in Hendon began their assembly.



In 1931, the American government has decided to deploy the country's own production of light trucks that are adapted to the requirements of the UK market. Their name was "Bedford" - the title the next town and the whole county, where the plant. The new production was the cargo space of "Vauxhall". Reliable and fast cars "Bedford" were a great success and soon became popular in all kinds of transportation. Thus was the motto of "Bedford" - "You see them everywhere," which is quite untrue. First appeared 2-ton machine "WHG" and "WLG" with a wheelbase of 3330 mm and 3990, respectively, which were priced very cheap - only 198 pounds, followed them fired light vans "VY" and "VX", 1,5-ton series "WS" and 3-ton truck "WT". They established a 6-cylinder OHV gasoline engine (3177 cm3, 44 hp, for a series of "WT" - 64 hp), a rare at that time in Europe, four-speed synchromesh transmission. The first "Bedford" of its own in 1934, became a light van "BYC" carrying capacity of 600 kg, recognized by contemporaries of the best delivery truck in its class. Later on passenger chassis "Vauxhall" produced a whole family of parallel light vans and pickup trucks series "AS", "NS" and "JC" on the 250-600 kg of cargo.



In 1939, "Bedford" introduced just three new series of 2-axle vehicles bonnet "K", "M" and "O" with a more modern appearance: flat radiator grille and rectangular cabin gave way to sleek lines and rounded forms. The first cars were carrying capacity of 1.5-2.0 m with a standard wheelbase of 3050 m series "M" carrying capacity of 2 ~ 3 tons offered with two wheelbase 3050 mm and 3630. The largest known example car series 'O' capacity 3 ~ 5 m, which were issued in 13 designs with two wheelbase.



Using the American principles of harmonization and standardization, equip them with the same 6-cylinder engine with increased up to 72 hp power, mechanical 4-sgupenchatoy transmission, a type of rear-axle, leaf-spring suspension and the same hydraulic brakes. On models carrying capacity of 3 tons used vacuum brake booster.



Not yet had time to deploy mass production of these machines, as they had to be urgently re in military options. The main was a series of "O" on the basis of which produced trucks models "OXD", "OYD" and "OWS" with a payload of 1.5-5.0 m, is a specific flat facing the front, which has become a kind of identification mark. The most famous army option series "M" was an easy pick-up "MWD" carrying capacity of 750 kg. Since 1941, "Bedford" produced 3-ton model "QLD" (4x4) with cab-over-engine and 8-speed transmission.



After the war, the production line "Bedford" were to go back pre-war development of civilian vehicles. On the chassis of cars "Vauxhall 14NR" let the van "JCV" carrying capacity of 500 kg and a series of "K" was only 1.5-ton version of "KD". Range of "O" were divided into two groups - "OLA" and "OLB" with a payload of 4.3 and 5, respectively, that are also offered korotkobazny tractor "OSS". In 1947, the production line "Bedford" went 500000th truck.



In 1950 there was the first new development - the so-called Big Bedford - 7-ton truck "S" series polukapotnoy layout with a very elegant for its time round cubicle with chrome grille. Three years later, this scheme offered in four variants: on-board model "SSZ" and "SLZ", respectively, with a wheelbase of 2.9 and 4.0 m, tractor "SA" with the base 2.2 m-wheel-drive truck "R "(4x4). They are used in-line 6-cylinder diesel engine (4927 cm3, 110 hp), 4-speed transmission, hydraulic brakes with vacuum booster, hypoid final drive. Cars developed a speed of 80 km / h In 1953, a series of "O" replaced by a new bonnet 76-strong range of "TA", which consisted of numerous models with capacities of 1.25 ~ 5.0 t



In 1952 there seems to be inconspicuous in the event of "Bedford" - in his program was introduced a specially designed light box "CA" polukapotnoy build capacity of 500 ~ 750 kg, distinguished by distinctive appearance. A car with a wheelbase of 2286 mm received all-metal frame mounted on the spars, with a capacity of 4.6 m3 body with side sliding door (a rarity at the time) and flaps, closing the niche rear wheels. It used the overhead valve engine displacement of 1507 cm3 and a power of 40 hp from the popular series of passenger Wyvern, synchronized 3-speed gearbox, independent front lever-spring suspension. It was a huge success in urban traffic and produced about 20 years.



In 1958, the bonnet series "TA" has been replaced by a new "TJ", the design of which was made in the same style. Gamma consisted of a unified model of "human trafficking" to "TJ6" capacity 1,75-6,0 that feature a series of "TJ" have special vans carrying capacity of 1.5-1.75 m and a capacity of 13.5 m3 Cab-over engine. It was such a machine in 1958 received the one millionth number.



In 1960, to replace the "S" series introduced a brand new range of "TK" carrying capacity of 7.3 tonnes with a shifted forward and extended low-lying cabin. It housed the rear engine capacity of 98-138 hp



Subsequently, the full weight of cars in this series has been increased and ranged from 5.5 to 12 tons, it includes numerous special versions with wheel arrangement of 4x2 to 6x6 and the base of 2500-4950 mm, intended purpose or for a delivery mission-heavy work on the ground . In 1966, "Bedford" was first introduced in its program of heavy machine series "KM" full weight up to 24 tons with a new diesel engine power of 143 hp Two years later came the variant with the wheel formula 6x2, and in 1972 - the tractor to work in the trucks GVW 32 tons By this time the British car design has become increasingly felt the impact of internal cooperation among the members of the group "General Motors" including the European branch of the Opel and partly owned by his Japanese firm Isuzu.



In parallel, continued to improve light trucks. In 1964, on the basis of popular small cars Vauxhall Viva began manufacturing vans and pickups, "ON" carrying capacity of 300-500 kg. In 1969, the well-known series "CA" has replaced the gamma "CF" with a payload of 900 kg to 1.75 m with a diesel 1.8 liter, made in the American style, inspired by the "Chevrolet." In the early 80's. new series "CF2" of the four models (from "250D" to "350D") GVW 2.3 ~ 3.5 m with a monocoque body, side sliding door and substantially redesigned. Now they are more like the typical Western European developments. They used a 4-cylinder petrol engines "Vauxhall" (1859 and 2279 cm3) and diesel "Opel" (2263 cm3, 61 hp), 5-sgupenchatuyu synchromesh transmission, front disc brakes and independent suspension.



In 1980, a series of "TC" added the range of "TL", has a more stringent design and use of fold-up cab-over-engine. In 1986, the most powerful representative of the range - 3-axle dump truck "TL2440" (6x4) full weight 24 tons - was one of the last car, wearing brand "Bedford." But despite the economic backwardness of Great Britain, by 1980, to "Bedford" remained fairly prosperous. On his account has already been issued 2,000,000 trucks and 1 million different vans. Up to 70% of total production is exported to over 100 countries worldwide. "Bedford" has been one of the leading manufacturers of commercial vehicles in the country.



In 1974 began the introduction of the heavy range "TM" for the long haul. Its foundation is the single models "TM1700" (4x2) and "TM2600" (6x4) total mass of 17 ~ 26 m with a wheelbase of 4070 to 5230 mm and 2-axle truck tractor "TM3250". In addition to diesel engine "Bedford" (8.2 liters, 208 hp), they used the American 2-stroke Detroit Diesel V6 engine cylinder capacity of 9 liters and 235 hp, and the 2-disc clutch, BoE, 9-speed gearbox "Fuller" (Fuller), Rockwell drive axles and front suspension on the 2-leaf springs. In 1983 they added tractors "TM3400" and "TM3800" cab with a sleeping place for long-haul routes to continental Europe. The most powerful and perfect representative of the "Bedford" in its history was the tractor "TM4400-8V" (4x2) with a new cabin with a flat floor and two beds. It established a two-stroke engine "Detroit Diesel" V8 turbo (12 hp, 445 hp), a 13-speed gearbox, suspension, parabolic leaf springs and disc brakes on all wheels. As part of a combination gross weight of 38.2 tons of car expended 35.3 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers.



In the early 80's. manifest danger of falling demand and revenues. In 1985 he began reducing staff and it was announced that the "Bedford" has suffered losses of 11 million pounds. The general loss by this time amounted to 73 million pounds. In the factories, "Bedford" in Luton and Dansteyble was introduced shorter working week.



Meanwhile, the "Bedford" was trying urgently to expand its program due to a delivery truck running. In 1984, under the brand name "Bedford" has begun production of two light vans and Rascal Midi, are copies of Japanese cars Suzuki Super Carry and "Isuzu WFR". These were the small "Bedford": the first was just a load capacity of 650 kg, while the wheelbase - 1840 mm. "Midi" with a payload of 1.1 tonnes had a total weight of 2.5 tons and Japanese petrol and diesel engines (1817 cm3, 76 hp and 56 hp 1995 cm3). New products do not bring the expected salvation of, and production of all cargo wikis "Bedford" was unwise limo reduced until The published most of them were wasps ciency.



In 1986, had to make a painful decision to leave "Bedford" from the market are heavy) trucks. In November 1987, for the waters in Dansteyble together with the rights to unreleased range of trucks bought; firm All Wheel Drive Ltd. - Reduce schenno AWD. She managed to be extended production of 2 - and 3-axle crane series "TL" and "TM-branded" AWD "i just over 6 years, after which she ra zorilas. In 1992, the brand" Bedford "revived light sensitivity mechanical engineering group Marshall of Cambridge, food production lavshaya Freight Cove their new office there comes a family of "RL full weight of 13-26 tons, equipped schennoe 6-liter Perkins diesel engines ranging from 130 to 300 hp.

Latest classic Bedford cars offered in listings in Australia:

Bedford CFL 1981 VAN Manual 3L Carb Seats in NSW Bedford CFL 1981 VAN Manual 3L Carb Seats in NSW 9 $4,500.00
Bedford VAN in Gembrook, VIC 0 $1,500.00
Bedford VAN Bedford VAN 9 $1,500.00
Bedford Vans X 2 ONE Camper POP TOP Running Holden 202 Motors Make 1 From 2 in Mooroolbark, VIC Bedford Vans X 2 ONE Camper POP TOP Running Holden 202 Motors Make 1 From 2 in Mooroolbark, VIC 10 $950.00
Bedford VAN Bedford VAN 7 $1,025.00
1934 Bedford Coupe UTE Hotrod Project in Tocumwal, NSW 1934 Bedford Coupe UTE Hotrod Project in Tocumwal, NSW 10 $1,000.00
77 Bedford VAN 0 $300.00
77 Bedford VAN 77 Bedford VAN 5 $300.00
77 Bedford VAN 77 Bedford VAN 5 $300.00
Bedford VAN in Beerwah, QLD Bedford VAN in Beerwah, QLD 4 $800.00
Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA 8 $4,700.00
Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA 8 $4,700.00
Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA 9 $4,700.00
Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA Bedford Light Truck 1949 in Klemzig, SA 9 $4,700.00
1980 Bedford VAN 3 3L 3SPD Manual Duel Fuel 1980 Bedford VAN 3 3L 3SPD Manual Duel Fuel 5 $7,000.00
Bedford CFS Custom VAN 1976 NOT Chev VAN NOT Ford Transit VAN Hotrod in Taree, NSW Bedford CFS Custom VAN 1976 NOT Chev VAN NOT Ford Transit VAN Hotrod in Taree, NSW 13 $6,500.00
1975 Bedford Vans X 2 1975 Bedford Vans X 2 1 $1,500.00
1928 Model A Ford in Kincumber, NSW 1928 Model A Ford in Kincumber, NSW 10 $7,900.00
1964 Pontiac Bonneville 2 Door Hardtop in Surfers Paradise, QLD 1964 Pontiac Bonneville 2 Door Hardtop in Surfers Paradise, QLD 13 $10,000.00
1971 Holden HG Premier HT HK Kingswood in Cheltenham, VIC 1971 Holden HG Premier HT HK Kingswood in Cheltenham, VIC 13 $3,440.00
1991 Ford Capri Convertible Automatic Rego Weekend Sale in Glenmore Park, NSW 1991 Ford Capri Convertible Automatic Rego Weekend Sale in Glenmore Park, NSW 10 $1,350.00
Ford XY UTE Last Registed 1986 Worth A Look in Bathurst, NSW Ford XY UTE Last Registed 1986 Worth A Look in Bathurst, NSW 13 $1,825.00
Ford Mustang in St Marys, NSW Ford Mustang in St Marys, NSW 12 $20,100.00
Ford Ecort MK1 2 Door in Caulfield North, VIC Ford Ecort MK1 2 Door in Caulfield North, VIC 9 $5,500.00
FJ Holden UTE FJ Holden UTE 4 $33.00
XM Ford Falcon Deluxe 1964 4D Sedan 3 SP Manual 2 8L Carb XM Ford Falcon Deluxe 1964 4D Sedan 3 SP Manual 2 8L Carb 7 $2,600.00
1937 Chev 1 2 Tonne Pickup in Toowoomba, QLD 1937 Chev 1 2 Tonne Pickup in Toowoomba, QLD 11 $3,500.00
Holden HG Sedan 1970 in Blackheath, NSW Holden HG Sedan 1970 in Blackheath, NSW 11 $1,000.00
Ford XC Sedan 77 Model LOW KLMS AND Book XA XB Drag Show XD XE in Bethania, QLD Ford XC Sedan 77 Model LOW KLMS AND Book XA XB Drag Show XD XE in Bethania, QLD 13 $2,950.00
Holden HD Rare X2 Special in Strathalbyn, SA Holden HD Rare X2 Special in Strathalbyn, SA 13 $3,500.00
2 Cars XA Ford GT Replica Falcon Fairmont 2 Cars XA Ford GT Replica Falcon Fairmont 13 $5,500.00
Ford Cortina TC Wagon Auto Ford Cortina TC Wagon Auto 13 $8,500.00
Holden FE Sedan NOT FJ FB EK EH HD HR Holden FE Sedan NOT FJ FB EK EH HD HR 13 $760.00
HZ Holden UTE 1977 in Broadmeadows, VIC HZ Holden UTE 1977 in Broadmeadows, VIC 12 $2,000.00
Ford Delivery VAN in Maiden Gully, VIC Ford Delivery VAN in Maiden Gully, VIC 13 $1,526.00
Commodore Acclaim Vsii Station Wagon NOT SS NOT Calais Elephant NOT Included in Caulfield South, VIC Commodore Acclaim Vsii Station Wagon NOT SS NOT Calais Elephant NOT Included in Caulfield South, VIC 11 $710.00
Ford XP Falcon in Springvale, VIC Ford XP Falcon in Springvale, VIC 10 $1,025.00
1952 Chevrolet Utility in Mount Barker, SA 1952 Chevrolet Utility in Mount Barker, SA 13 $13,400.00
Holden Statesman DE Ville 1981 4D Sedan 3 SP Automatic 5L Carb Holden Statesman DE Ville 1981 4D Sedan 3 SP Automatic 5L Carb 13 $6,500.00
1954 Bedford "O" Model Truck Rust Free Starts AND Drives in South Penrith, NSW 1954 Bedford "O" Model Truck Rust Free Starts AND Drives in South Penrith, NSW 12 $9,500.00
Dashboard OUT OF OLD Bedford Truck Dashboard OUT OF OLD Bedford Truck 3 $100.00
EK Holden UTE Very Original AND Straight Mechanically Sorted Second Owner in Uranquinty, NSW EK Holden UTE Very Original AND Straight Mechanically Sorted Second Owner in Uranquinty, NSW 5 $7,000.00
Land Rover Discovery V8I 4x4 1999 4D Wagon 4 SP Automatic 4x4 4L Multi Land Rover Discovery V8I 4x4 1999 4D Wagon 4 SP Automatic 4x4 4L Multi 11 $3,700.00
Ford Mustang 1965 2D Hardtop 3 SP Automatic 4 7L Carb Seats in Greystanes, NSW Ford Mustang 1965 2D Hardtop 3 SP Automatic 4 7L Carb Seats in Greystanes, NSW 6 $14,000.00
Chevrolet Corvette 1980 Automatic Transmission Removable T Tops Chevrolet Corvette 1980 Automatic Transmission Removable T Tops 12 $13,950.00
Holden Commodore SL 1983 4D Wagon 3 SP Automatic 3 3L Carb Holden Commodore SL 1983 4D Wagon 3 SP Automatic 3 3L Carb 7 $500.00
XM Coupefalcon Ford Hardtop XP Barn Find XM Coupefalcon Ford Hardtop XP Barn Find 11 $8,000.00
1955 Chevrolet Panel VAN Truck in Clifton Springs, VIC 1955 Chevrolet Panel VAN Truck in Clifton Springs, VIC 12 $7,300.00
Bedford CF250 MWB CAB Chassis 1971 Holden 6CYL Manual Alloy Tray in Southport, QLD Bedford CF250 MWB CAB Chassis 1971 Holden 6CYL Manual Alloy Tray in Southport, QLD 9 $399.00
Bedford CF350 LWB CAB Chassis 1979 6CYL Auto in Southport, QLD Bedford CF350 LWB CAB Chassis 1979 6CYL Auto in Southport, QLD 9 $400.00
Bedford CF 250 Tray in Melbourne, VIC Bedford CF 250 Tray in Melbourne, VIC 12 $2,500.00
Bedford VAN CFL Bedford VAN CFL 9 $6,000.00